Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Computer-related hazard control needs for safe robot operation.

Authors
Sneckenberger-JE; Etherton-J
Source
Computers in engineering, proceedings of the 1983 International Computers in Engineering Conference and Exhibit, August 7-11, 1983, Chicago, Illinois. Vol. 2 - Robotics theory and applications. Computers in education. Ruoff-CF; Shoup-TE, eds. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1983 Aug; :33-36
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00178181
Abstract
The role of computers in achieving hazard control of industrial robot operations was assessed. Development of robot related safety measures is the responsibility of robot builders and suppliers, employers and employees. Hazard control is principally at the design level and hazard prevention at the robot selection level. Operational constraints are related to design limitations and performance deteriorations. An understanding of the significance of robot safety concerns has permitted the assignment of priorities based on systematic risk evaluations. Safety measures described included computerized system interlocks, intrusion detection schemes and emergency stop provisions. Computer control of robot manipulators requires external task instruction, internal closed loop operation, and system sensory feedback. Closed loop architectures involve hierarchial partitioning of the command feedback into multilevel modules with layered decomposition of task instruction and layered extraction of sensory feedback. The importance of developing built in computerized fault detection systems and diagnostic programs for shutdowns was addressed.
Keywords
Equipment-design; Safety-engineering; Electronic-components; Occupational-hazards; Industrial-hazards; Detectors; Automation; Accident-prevention
Publication Date
19830801
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Ruoff-CF; Shoup-TE
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Computers in engineering, proceedings of the 1983 International Computers in Engineering Conference and Exhibit, August 7-11, 1983, Chicago, Illinois. Vol. 2 - Robotics theory and applications. Computers in education.
State
WV; IL
TOP