Occupational back injuries - controlling the epidemic.
McGlothlin-J; Pizatella-T; Badger-D; Habes-D; Jensen-R; Nelson-R
Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, September 27-30, 1985, Chicago, Illinois 1985 Sep; 1:35-38
The approach of NIOSH to the control of the occupational back injury epidemic was examined. The NIOSH back injury program focuses on field, laboratory and clinical investigations aimed at reducing the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries caused by biomechanical stresses associated with lifting and other manual materials handling tasks. The research has focused on the establishment of relationships between specific types of exposure and associated injuries. Data sources have included existing injury surveillance systems such as the Supplementary Data System and the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, job analyses and historical epidemiologic studies. The goals of the NIOSH back program are to identify high risk industries for low back injuries, evaluate task and personal risk factors, develop and validate a comprehensive clinical evaluation system to classify low back injuries, identify and publish intervention strategies to reduce injuries, and provide technical assistance concerning injury control. The authors conclude that this strategy can be anticipated to reduce the frequency and severity of job related back disorders and enhance the quality of working life.
Back-injuries; Occupational-safety-programs; Industrial-safety; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Occupational-hazards; Work-analysis; Worker-health; Safety-engineering; Materials-handling; Accident-statistics
Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, September 27-30, 1985, Chicago, Illinois