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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-166-1540, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Lackawanna Refuse Site, Old Forge, Pennsylvania.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-166-1540, 1984 Dec; :1-29
In response to a request from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, an investigation was made at the Lackawanna Refuse Site (SIC- 1794), Old Forge, Pennsylvania, of possible employee exposure to industrial and hazardous waste disposed of at this site. On site analyses were performed on debris, and 12 personal air samples and 82 fixed location samples were taken. During the study the air speed was generally less than 6 miles per hour and the temperature averaged 19.3 degrees-C. Only one sample contained a detectable level of organic vapor, toluene (108883) at 9.5 micrograms/cubic meter (microg/m3). Aluminum (7429905), calcium (7440702), iron (7439896), magnesium (7439954), sodium (7440235), phosphorus (7723140), and zinc (7440666) were detected in 17 area and two personal samples. Chloride and sulfate anions were detected at geometric mean concentrations of 10.5 and 16.5microg/m3 in ten samples. Phenols, cresols, and xylenols were not detected. Less than 40 percent of the airborne dust particles were respirable. As no airborne contaminant was noted in concentration of significance, the author concludes that this hazard does not exist at this site. However, heat stress induced by protective clothing was not controlled in accordance with federal regulations and was deemed to be a health threat to workers. The author recommends measures to be taken to prevent heat stress.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-84-166-1540; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Heat-exposure; Heat-exhaustion; Waste-disposal-systems; Hazardous-materials; Organic-compounds; Author Keywords: hazardous waste sites; personal protective equipment; air sampling; heat stress
108-88-3; 7429-90-5; 7440-70-2; 7439-89-6; 7439-95-4; 7440-23-5; 7723-14-0; 7440-66-6
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: February 7, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division