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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-87-281-1854, Litteken Dental Clinic, Ardmore, Oklahoma.

Authors
Gunter-BJ
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 87-281-1854, 1987 Dec; :1-10
NIOSHTIC No.
00178057
Abstract
In response to a request from the management department, an investigation was made of possible hazardous exposures to mercury (7439976) and nitrous-oxide (10024972) at the Litteken Dental Clinic (SIC-8021) in Ardmore, Oklahoma. Air samples were taken while the dentist and three assistants were using and while the dentist and one assistant used mercury amalgams. Nitrous-oxide was in use for over 3 hours. The air sampling results revealed a range of nitrous- oxide concentrations in the room air from 30 to 220 parts per million (ppm) with a mean concentration of 105ppm. Mercury concentrations ranged from nondetectable to 0.009ppm, well below the evaluation criteria of 0.05ppm. The nitrous-oxide scavenging ventilation system in operation was somewhat effective; nitrous- oxide levels were far lower than have been recorded in other dental clinics. The author concludes that a health hazard from excessive exposures to nitrous-oxide exists, but mercury levels pose no health hazard in this clinic. The author recommends that the ventilation system should be adjusted each time nitrous-oxide is going to be used. Routine maintenance checks should be performed on all anesthetic and suction equipment. The installation of a large fan on the roof of the building is suggested. Patients, particularly children, should be watched so that they do not play with the face mask during the administration of nitrous-oxide.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HETA-87-281-1854; Region-6; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Confirmed; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Health-care-personnel; Dentistry; Anesthetics; Heavy-metals;
CAS No.
7439-97-6; 10024-97-2
Publication Date
19871201
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-203849
NTIS Price
A02
Identifying No.
HETA-87-281-1854
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
8021
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OK; OH
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