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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-159-1827, Blackman Uhler Chemical Company (Synalloy Corporation), Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Authors
Zey JN; Singal M; Smith AB; Caplan PE
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-159-1827, 1987 Aug; :1-33
NIOSHTIC No.
00177540
Abstract
In response to a confidential request, evaluation was made of bladder cancer incidence among workers at Blackman Uhler Chemical Company, Spartanburg, South Carolina. Short term air samples were collected for dimethyl-formamide (68122), ortho-dianisidine (119904), and chromium(VI) (18540299). Five of six samples showed no detectable levels of these compounds; the sixth showed a level of dimethyl-formamide well below OSHA permissible exposure limits. Deficiencies were noted in chemical handling procedures, work practices, engineering controls, and employee training and education regarding safety practices. There was a medical screening program for bladder cancer at the facility, but 689 of the 919 current and former employees had not participated. One case had been identified as of April 1985. It is suggested that there may be undetected cases of bladder cancer. It is recommended that better education of employees be undertaken concerning chemicals with which they work; that work practices be modified; that respiratory protection be improved with emphasis on selection, cleaning and maintenance, fit testing, and proper storage of protective equipment; that emergency showers and eye baths be inspected regularly; that labels be properly placed on tanks; that the screening program for medical problems continue to be available to all current and former workers; and that special medical evaluation be performed for any employee with urinary tract symptoms, microhematuria, or nonnegative cytology.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HETA-85-159-1827; Region-4; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Chemical-industry-workers; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Carcinogens; Bladder-cancer; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Amides; Amines; Author Keywords: Industrial Organic Chemicals; Beta Napthylamine; BNA; Ortho-Dianisidine; Dimethlyformamide; DMF; Bladder Carcinogen; Work Practices; Chemical Handling Procedures; Respiratory Protection
CAS No.
68-12-2; 119-90-4; 18540-29-9
Publication Date
19870801
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-188388
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HETA-85-159-1827
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
286
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
SC; OH
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