Current Status and Research Needs in Occupational Stress with Special Reference to Machine-Paced Work.
Salvendy-G; Smith-MJ; Morgan-BB; Sen-TK; Triggs-TJ; Haider-M
Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the International Conference, Purdue University, March 1981 1981:361-367
The current status and research needs in occupational stress were reviewed with a special emphasis on machine paced work. The concept of stress was discussed. Aspects of stress such as quality versus quantity, acute versus chronic, and short term versus long term stress were summarized. Methods for measuring stress were reviewed. Research strategies for examining stress related responses were considered. It was noted that because wide variations in individual responses to a given stressor occur, additional studies on the reproducibility of a given individual's responses to the same stressor and why individual response patterns vary should be conducted. Variables that can be used to assess performance under stress were described. These include task related, individual difference, environmental state, training, and procedural variables. Models of human stress were summarized. Human aspects of machine paced operation and computer controlled work were discussed. Determinants of machine paced work that can induce stress were listed. It was noted that the new trend in technology is toward more computer controlled work environments. This will demand more mental and monitoring types of work which will in turn result in increased adverse effects on physical health, emotional or psychosocial well being, productivity, and work performance. Research areas where studies are needed to evaluate the effects of computerization of work environments were listed.
Occupational-health; Job-stress; Automation; Task-performance; Psychophysiology; Repetitive-work; Computers; Workplace-studies; Epidemiology;
Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the International Conference, Purdue University, March 1981