A taxonomic framework for the description and evaluation of paced work.
Dainoff-MJ; Hurrell-JJ Jr.; Happ-A
Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the International Conference, Purdue University, March 1981. Salvendy G, Smith MJ, eds. 1981 Mar; :185-190
Problems in relating the characteristics of machine paced work to symptoms of occupational stress were discussed. According to the authors, attempts to understand the relationship between the characteristics of machine paced work and symptoms of occupational stress have been hindered by inconsistencies among authors regarding the definitions and descriptions of task structures. This lack of consistency may be responsible, at least in part, for the contradictions and confusion that appear in published studies on machine paced work and occupational stress. It was suggested that a standardized system of descriptions and classifications for machine paced work be developed. The basic terminology for machine paced work was reviewed. The types of pacing were considered. A proposed taxonomic system for machine paced work was presented. The system visualizes operator control over pacing being manifested along two orthogonal dimensions, control over the initialization of the work cycle and control over the duration of the work cycle, in a cross quadrant structure. The authors note that cross quadrant comparisons should be a very useful means for elucidating the role of operator control as a determinant in stress responses.
Job-stress; Occupational-health; Job-analysis; Repetitive-work; Simulation-methods; Machine-operation; Psychophysiology; Automation
Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the International Conference, Purdue University, March 1981