Occupational stress: an overview of psychosocial factors.
Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the International Conference, Purdue University, 1981 Mar; :13-19
The literature on psychosocial aspects of occupational stress was reviewed. Physical work conditions have been shown to play a role in job stress. Lack of participation in work activities and organizational support have been shown to be of special significance for job stress and worker health. Factors such as computerization, shift work, overtime, and deadlines as sources of increased worker stress were discussed. One study was described which has shown that professional and technical workers and managers have the highest perceived job satisfaction, but a high level of depression. Machine operators scored lowest for job satisfaction and low in perceived health, but were the best in the mental health measures. White collar workers showed much greater job satisfaction than blue collar workers, but had a higher depressed mood and slightly poorer perceived health. In another study discussed, specific stressors were high for assembly line workers, forklift drivers, and machine operators but low for professors, family physicians, and other professionals. The most satisfied occupational groups were family physicians, professors, and white collar supervisors. Assemblers and relief workers on machine paced assembly lines had the highest stress and strain levels. In a third study, 22000 cases of stress related disorders in 130 occupations were evaluated. Forty occupations had significantly higher stress related disease incidence than expected. The author concludes that there are a number of job features that can negatively influence worker physical and mental health and job satisfaction.
Job-analysis; Job-stress; Psychological-effects; Industrial-psychology; Workplace-studies; Professional-workers; Industrial-factory-workers; Sociological-factors
Salvendy G; Smith MJ
Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress, Proceedings of the International Conference, Purdue University