This instructor's manual discusses various aspects of laboratory safety for chemical workers. Lessons are provided on general concepts of laboratory safety; personal safety and protection; spills, fires, and explosions; and specific hazards in analytical laboratories. Each major topic is presented as a unit lesson with purpose, objectives, special terms, instructor materials, and other learning experiences outlined. The section on general laboratory safety includes the identification of hazards in the chemistry laboratory, do's and don'ts pertaining to laboratory safety, and safe practices for handling and cleaning glassware, heating liquids with gas and electrical apparatus, and moving and storing reagents. In the section on personal protection, types of equipment for protecting eyes, hearing, body, and respiration in the laboratory are discussed. The section dealing with spills, fires, and explosions includes discussions of flammable, nonflammable, toxic, and oxidizing chemicals commonly found in laboratories; general procedures for prevention of spills, fires and explosions; and guidelines for safe clean up after such an accident has occurred. In the concluding section pertaining to specific hazards in the analytical laboratory, major safety factors to consider when developing a sampling strategy and when selecting and using glassware are discussed.
Division of Training and Manpower, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, 25 pages