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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-003-1834, B. F. Goodrich, Woodburn, Indiana.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-003-1834, 1987 Sep; :1-23
In response to a request from the United Rubber, Cork, Linoleum and Plastic Workers of America Local 715, an investigation was made of an apparent excess of cancers appearing among workers in the B. F. Goodrich tire manufacturing facility (SIC-3011) located in Woodburn, Indiana. Excesses were reported in the milling and tuber areas of the facility. Company medical records, death certificates, and medical records from private physicians or hospitals were used to obtain data. Five cases of lung cancer and one of leukemia were confirmed. Analysis revealed a ten fold increase in lung cancer incidence over the expected number. In a survey made 5 years previously, breathing zone samples were taken for nitrosamines, for which NIOSH recommends keeping exposure as low as possible. Exposures to N-nitrosomorpholine (59892) ranged from 0.5 to 1.8 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3) and exposures to N- nitrosodimethylamine (62759) ranged up to 0.09microg/m3. Exposures to benzene (71432) in 1975 ranged from 0.5 to 11.9 parts per million. Measurements taken since 1980 showed significantly lower levels. Also, prior to 1979, talc (14807966) was used at this facility, suggesting possible exposure to asbestos (1332214). The authors conclude that based on lung cancer latency, there is evidence of exposure to an etiologic agent in the milling and tuber area of this company. It is recommended that exposures to various contaminants be kept under control and that a medical surveillance program be implemented.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HETA-85-003-1834; Region-5; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Confirmed; Rubber-manufacturing-industry; Rubber-workers; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Nitroso-compounds; Talc-dust; Author Keywords: Tires and Inner Tubes; cancer; lung cancer; leukemia; nitrosamines; benzene; asbestos-containing talc; coal tar pitch volatiles
59-89-2; 62-75-9; 71-43-2; 14807-96-6; 1332-21-4
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division