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Review of lead toxicity.
Proceedings Conference on Women and the Workplace, June 17-19, 1976, Washington, DC. Bingham E, ed. Washington, DC: Society for Occupational and Environmental Health, 1977 Apr; :227-231
A general review of lead (7439921) toxicity resulting from environmental and occupational exposure was presented. Environmental routes by which lead may enter the body were discussed, including diet and ambient air as well as lead paint, the latter source being particularly important in children. Occupational exposure to lead, which occurs largely through inhalation of air which may be contaminated with up to 1000 times more lead than that found in the ambient atmosphere, was considered. The organ systems effected by lead exposure were discussed. These include the central nervous system, kidneys and the blood forming elements. The acute, severe and sometimes irreversible effects of lead on the central and peripheral nervous systems, particularly in young children, were noted. Chronic exposure to relatively low concentrations of lead was discussed. The effects of such exposure considered included lowering of IQ in children and anemia and kidney damage in both children and adults. The effects of transplacental exposure to lead on the fetus were discussed. Industries where lead exposure is of particular concern, such as smelting and battery manufacture, were noted. The author concludes that any legislation on lead exposure should consider the special susceptibility of women of childbearing age.
Toxicology; Toxic-materials; Toxic-effects; Reproductive-hazards; Health-hazards; Lead-smelting; Lead-poisoning; Environmental-exposure; Occupational-exposure
Proceedings of the Conference on Women and the Workplace, June 17-19, 1976, Washington, D.C.
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division