Engineering controls: only the beginning.
Proceedings of the symposium on occupational health hazard control technology in the foundry and secondary non-ferrous smelting industries, December 10-12, 1979, Chicago, Illinois. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-114, 1981 Aug; :367-372
Factors that affect engineering control effectiveness were discussed, stressing the real difficulty of gaining worker acceptance and assuring continued operation and maintenance. Engineering controls were divided into four classes based on the reasons for implementing them: those desired for the purpose of product recovery (Class 1); those perceived by management as being required to protect employee health (Class 2); those perceived as important by outside authorities and implemented through the use of force (Class 3); and those considered by management to be effective and workable, and perceived to be in the best interests of the company based on the survivor syndrome (Class 4). All four classes were briefly described. A case history example, illustrative of a progression of management acceptance and incorporation of different classes of controls, was presented. Management of a company, a secondary lead (7439921) smelter, was characterized as having a poor reputation with local health officials. A court ordered compliance program was issued. Implementation of the government mandate was described. Upon installation of the required controls, although the court order was satisfied and officially closed, the effectiveness of many of the installed measures was limited. Management, realizing the implications, planned to provide a comprehensive program of protection.
NIOSH-Contract; Lead-smelting; Occupational-hazards; Control-systems; Control-technology; Industrial-safety
Proceedings of the symposium on occupational health hazard control technology in the foundry and secondary non-ferrous smelting industries, December 10-12, 1979, Chicago, Illinois