Work practices and administrative controls: lessons learned from battery making as applied to smelting.
Proceedings of the symposium on occupational health hazard control technology in the foundry and secondary non-ferrous smelting industries, December 10-12, 1979, Chicago, Illinois. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-114, 1981 Aug; :354-357
Work practices and administrative controls which reduce concentrations of lead (7439921) in the air of smelters and also in the blood of workers were discussed. The problems involved with evaluating the effectiveness of work practices in reducing these lead concentrations were examined. For example, the author has observed that different workers doing the same job, involving exposure to lead, may have very different blood lead concentrations as a result of variations in their individual work practices. The author also notes that another problem is presented by the considerable variation between different blast furnaces, which serves to mask the effects of work practices. The use of respirators and variability in air sampling were other factors discussed which present difficulties when evaluating work practices. The advantages of worker involvement in implementation of safety controls were considered, including the effects of such involvement on the attitude of the workers. The importance of the commitment of management to safety and health was discussed. The author concludes that although the objective should be to make a product, if the health and well being of workers is not properly considered this will result in an unmotivated and uncooperative workforce which will ultimately result in increased costs.
NIOSH-Contract; Occupational-hazards; Lead-compounds; Blood-samples; Work-practices; Air-contamination; Safety-practices
Proceedings of the symposium on occupational health hazard control technology in the foundry and secondary non-ferrous smelting industries, December 10-12, 1979, Chicago, Illinois