Worker stress: a practitioner's perspective.
Stress management in work settings. Murphy LR, Schoenborn TF, eds. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 87-111, 1987 May; :149-172
Worker stress was reviewed from three perspectives: a discussion about the prevailing methods of stress management, a discussion of a case study, and suggestions for improvements in evaluation and treatment. It was noted that it is common practice to blame the victim of stress for his condition; it was considered to be counterproductive and unfair, and better methods for the building of self esteem were discussed. It was questioned whether professional stress programs were overly ambitious, and their negative aspects were discussed. In this respect, the attitudes of workers toward stress practitioners were discussed. A general negative attitude was noted. A large case study, the Job Stress Project, was reported. It was initiated by the Graphic Arts International Union in order to develop a safety and health education program for its membership (in excess of 1 million). The initial plan was described. In each city, six workshops were conducted in which the participants defined, evaluated, and discussed stress situations in their workplace. Several aspects of stress programs that could be improved were discussed and included clarification of the physical aspect of stress response, validation of stressors, the use of adult education techniques, and model desirable behavior. The author considers action research to be of prime importance as a means of fitting a project to the specific needs and requirements of an audience.
Occupational-sociology; Psychological-stress; Occupational-health; Mental-stress; Job-stress; Physiological-response; Workplace-studies; Worker-health;
Murphy LR; Schoenborn TF
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 87-111
Stress management in work settings