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Blood pressure control for working people.
Workplace Health Fund, Washington, D.C.; :1-17
After a brief description of the cardiovascular system of the human body, this pamphlet discusses what the term blood pressure means and how it is measured and describes the causes and treatment of high blood pressure. Experience has indicated that certain individuals are more prone to high blood pressure than others. Risk factors may include being born into a family where heart problems exist, as well as certain environmental or dietary exposures which can be controlled by the individual. Established occupational risk factors for high blood pressure were described. Mercury (7439976), cadmium (7440439) and arsenic (7440382) can cause kidney disease which may, in turn, cause high blood pressure. While exposure to lead (7439921) itself may elevate the blood pressure, if a person already has kidney disease or gout, lead exposure will worsen matters significantly. Carbon-disulfide (75150) has been associated with heart and artery diseases. Excessive noise has been linked to high blood pressure during noise exposure. Prolonged exposure to noise, and acute psychological stress may also raise blood pressure. Treatment must be tailored to the individual needs of the worker. The patient must inform the doctor about conditions at the workplace, not only to find possible causes for the high blood pressure, but also to avoid complications between medications which might be given and exposures to various chemicals on the job.
NIOSH-Contract; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-disease; Heart-rate; Job-stress; Psychological-factors; Risk-factors; Dietary-effects; Workplace-studies
7439-97-6; 7440-43-9; 7440-38-2; 7439-92-1; 75-15-0
NTIS Accession No.
Workplace Health Fund, Washington, D.C.
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division