A Management Model for Occupational Health Nursing Practice.
Gifford AJ; Kimbro CD
NIOSH 1987 Jul:97-103
Occupational health nurses and management were discussed. Many professional nurses currently perform important management functions as well as their traditional duties in health care organizations. When their management functions are not fully understood and acknowledged by the organization, their services are undervalued and they have difficulty in getting the attention of top management when they offer recommendations for program changes and resource allocation. It is considered important that nurses be more aware of their management functions and establish their credibility as managers. To do so they must overcome several barriers. Occupational health nurses frequently do both management and production work in health care agencies. The traditional perception of nurses as females whose actions are dictated by a male physician is a frequent barrier. An additional barrier arises due to occupational health nursing being described as a series of tasks and activities without an underlying conceptual base. It is emphasized that the traditional nursing model is not capable of describing the contributions that occupational health nurses make in the workplace. A management model for occupational health nursing was described. It is based on the Kimbro/Gifford practice theory of management which visualizes management as being composed of four important elements: mission, work, resources, and structure. The authors note that utilizing this model can result in improvements in the design and delivery of occupational health services as well as overcoming the barriers created by the lack of understanding of the occupational health nurse's work.
Occupational-health-nursing; Health-care-personnel; Simulation-methods; Occupational-health-programs; Employees; Job-analysis; Task-performance; Health-protection;
Proceedings of the National Occupational Health Nursing Symposium: State of the Art and Directions for the Future, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 1-3, 1983