Occupational Health Nursing Education.
NIOSH 1987 Jul:21-26
Occupational health nursing education was discussed. The history of the development of education in occupational health nursing was reviewed. Nurses first entered the workplace as health care providers near the end of the nineteenth century, more than 70 years before education in occupational health nursing was generally available. Although a need for occupational nursing education programs was evident throughout the first half of the twentieth century, few serious efforts were made to establish educational programs until recently. The funding of regional educational resource centers through the United States by NIOSH in response to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 has provided the major impetus for developing occupational health nursing as a speciality. The centers have the responsibility for developing and implementing curricula that emphasize interdisciplinary education in nursing, medicine, safety, and industrial hygiene. This has led primarily to the development of graduate programs. As a result of these programs, the number of qualified specialists in occupational health nursing has increased significantly although their absolute numbers are still low. Future trends in occupational health nursing were discussed. Development of master's and doctoral degree programs will continue; however, emphasis will be placed on developing undergraduate and continuing education programs.
Occupational-health-nursing; Educational-resource-centers; Health-care-personnel; Training; Health-protection; Legislation; Medical-services; Occupational-health;
Proceedings of the National Occupational Health Nursing Symposium: State of the Art and Directions for the Future, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 1-3, 1983