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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-284-1701B (revised), Granite City Steel, Granite City, Illinois.
Almaguer D; Orris P
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-284-1701 (revised), 1987 May; :1-21
In response to a request from the International Chemical Workers Union, an evaluation of possible exposures to a tar like substance was made at Granite City Steel Company (SIC-3312), Granite City, Illinois. This substance, a coal tar sludge residue, was added to coal coming into the facility. Samples of the coal tar sludge and mixtures of the sludge and coal were taken from the tar pit and from the area inside the pulverizer building. Chemicals identified in these samples included: naphthalene (91203), phenanthrene (85018), fluoranthene (206440), pyrene (129000), benz(a)anthracene (56553), chrysene (218019), benzo(e)pyrene (192972), benzo(a)pyrene (50328), and benz(g,h,i)perylene (191242). Of eight personal air samples taken, five had detectable concentrations of benzene solubles which ranged from 88 to 141 micrograms/cubic meter (microg/m3). Some polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon exposures were recorded at 20 to 100microg/m3. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed in the coal handling area and the by/products department. Specific recommendations include use of an enclosed system to pump the coal tar waste product directly to the coal pit, use of protective clothing including elbow length gloves by workers handling coal tar sludge, use of a half mask air purifying respirator equipped with an organic vapor cartridge, informing employees of the risks posed by these chemicals, and periodic medical checkups for exposed workers.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-84-284-1701B; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Coal-dust; Dust-inhalation; Volatiles; Inhalants; Coal-tar-pitch; Author Keywords: Steel Works, Blast Furnaces [including Coke Ovens], and Rolling Mills; Coke Ovens; Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles; CTPVs; Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons; PNAs; Respirable Coal Dust
91-20-3; 85-01-8; 206-44-0; 129-00-0; 56-55-3; 218-01-9; 192-97-2; 50-32-8; 191-24-2
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division