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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-289-1798, Kirby Manufacturing Company, Inc., McClure, Pennsylvania.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-289-1798, 1987 May; :1-15
In response to a request from an employer representative an evaluation was made of the Kirby manufacturing Company (SIC-2260) located in McClure, Pennsylvania concerning possible exposure to formaldehyde (50000) from the resin used to give a wrinkle resistant property to textiles. Full shift breathing zone and general air monitoring samplings were performed. In 14 samples the personal exposure to formaldehyde ranged from 0.5 to 1.5 parts per million (ppm) with an average of 1.0ppm. A questionnaire regarding symptoms was completed by 100 workers. Symptoms reported to be occurring more frequently of late included sneezing, nasal irritation, headache, eye irritation, throat irritation, and coughing. As these symptoms were connected with formaldehyde exposures, the authors conclude that overexposure to formaldehyde was occurring at the facility. The authors recommend that a specialist in industrial ventilation systems be consulted to prepare specifications for a dilution ventilation system for this facility. Using this new system, indoor air containing formaldehyde vapor would not be recirculated. Fabrics containing formaldehyde should be aired before further treatment or use.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-3; HETA-84-289-1798; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Inhalants; Vapors; Organic-vapors; Author Keywords: Dyeing and Finishing Textiles; Formaldehyde
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division