Department of Environmental Health, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio :1-211
Recommendations for a cadmium (7440439) standard were made, based on a review of the literature on the hazards of exposure to cadmium. Specific recommendations concerned environmental exposure, medical standards, labeling, personal protective equipment, work clothing, appraisal of workers of the hazards of cadmium, work practices, emergency procedures, sanitation practices, monitoring, and recordkeeping. Properties of cadmium, sources, biological effects of exposure, extent of exposure, historical reports, effects on humans, epidemiological studies, effects on animals, correlation of exposure and effect, air samples, chemical analysis, air concentrations observed, and engineering controls were reviewed. The technical feasibility of the proposed concentration standard was discussed. Current standards for cadmium were reviewed, and a new standard was proposed. The recommended standard was 0.02mg/m3 averaged over an 8 hour work day. Proposed work practices included using appropriate respirators in situations where other means of worker protection are not practical, prohibiting eating in the workplace where cadmium contamination may occur, avoiding smoking in the workplace, and avoiding excessive skin contact with soluble cadmium compounds.
Department of Environmental Health, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio