NIOSH 1982 Feb:7-12
The technical, legal, educational, and policy issues related to occupational safety are discussed. The data sources relied upon by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in developing occupational safety standards include that from catastrophic accident and fatality investigations, from citations given by OSHA compliance officers, from collaborative studies with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, by questionnaires completed by injured workers, and from in house or contracted data compiled by NIOSH. These sources of data are reported to be deficient due to uncertainty related to population at risk, incomplete data for given types of injury, and lack of a concept of dose response information. It is suggested that future studies related to analysis of hazards of the workplace should focus more on ergonomic factors than has been the case in the past. It is suggested that some form of coding of occupational injuries be developed in order to make subsequent analysis more reliable. Problems associated with the collection of relevant data on occupational injuries are discussed. The investigation approach in large populations of workers would enable the identification of the most important types of occupational injury. Epidemiological analysis of such information is suggested to yield effective prophylactic measures. Types of injury for which countermeasures are not immediately apparent could also be studied in greater detail.
Worker-health; Work-analysis; Epidemiology; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-safety-programs; Industrial-safety; Injuries
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 82-103
Proceedings of the Symposium on Occupational Safety Research and Education, A Dialogue Between Two Communities, January, 1981, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, DHHS (NIOSH) Cincinnati, Ohio, Publication No. 82-103