The training strategy used by NIOSH to meet the demand for qualified occupational safety and health personnel, in order to fulfill its obligations in compliance with the Occupational Safety and Health Act, was outlined. The original strategy included the initiation of a training grant program to assist educational institutions in improving their occupational safety and health training programs. In 1972, NIOSH funded the training of 223 trainees and an additional 927 trainees benefited from these programs. At the time of this presentation, NIOSH was employing less than 500 occupational physicians, while being able to hire only five per year, as compared to an annual demand of 15 and a projected need of 1750; for industrial physicians, the respective figures were 2700, 50, 100 and 6900; for occupational nurses the figures were less than 1000, 75, 100 and 400, respectively; for safety engineers the figures were 2000, 100, 150 and 8700; for industrial hygienists the figures were 500, 75, 300 and 5500; for occupational safety and health specialists the respective figures were 15,000, 200, 1000 and 26,700; and for industrial nurses the respective figures were 17,000, 200, 900 and 36,700. NIOSH provided several continuing functions aimed at manpower development, including a manpower census, development of standards for occupational health manpower, provision of reimbursable training, and promotion of training by others. The author recommends that the resolution of the manpower deficit be the primary goal of those working toward the health and safety of workers.
U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Health Services and Mental Health Administration, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 11 pages