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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-194-1779, Dade County Fire Department, Miami, Florida.

Authors
Salisbury-SA
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-194-1779, 1987 Feb; :1-15
NIOSHTIC No.
00169497
Abstract
In response to a request from the International Association of Fire Fighters on behalf of Local 1403, an investigation was made of potential exposures to hazardous wastes (solvents) used for starting practice fires at the Dade County Fire Department (SIC-9224) aircraft fire training facility at Opa-Locka Airport, Dade County, Florida. Used solvents donated by waste handlers or local industries had been used to start practice fires. Laboratory analysis of the soil and ground water samples taken from the burn pits revealed the presence of several common industrial solvents. No traces were found of polychlorinated biphenyls or pesticides. Toxic heavy metals were present in only trace amounts. The only suspected carcinogen identified was dichlorobenzene (106467). Other potential carcinogens identified included methylene-chloride (75092) and perchloroethylene (127184). The author concludes that the use of waste solvents of unknown composition was a potential hazard for firefighters, as well as the environment. The author recommends that the practice of using unknown solvents to help start practice fires be eliminated. Fire fighters must not be required to break open solvent drums with a fire ax. Burn pits should be designed to contain the fuel and water to prevent environmental contamination. Appropriate protective equipment must be available. Toxicity information on the contents and expected combustion products of any flammable materials used for practice fires should be given to the fire fighters.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HETA-83-194-1779; Region-4; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Confirmed; Fireman; Combustion-gases; Combustible-materials; Author Keywords: Fire Protection; Fire-Fighters; Hazardous Waste; Fire-Training
CAS No.
106-46-7; 75-09-2; 127-18-4
Publication Date
19870201
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-205480
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-83-194-1779
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
9224
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
FL; OH
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