Formaldehyde exposure characterization in garment manufacturing plants: a composite summary of three in-depth industrial hygiene surveys, report no. IWS-125-26.
Elliott-LJ; Stayner-LT; Blade-LM; Halperin-W; Keenlyside-R
NIOSH 1987 Jan; :1-51
The extent of exposure to formaldehyde (50000) was investigated at three garment manufacturing facilities (SIC-2321) using fabrics pretreated with a formaldehyde based resin system. Two of the facilities (in Georgia) operated on a two shift basis with approximately 1000 and 500 workers; one facility (in Pennsylvania) operated on a one shift basis and had approximately 600 workers. The facilities cut and sewed men's dress shirts from treated fabric. Measured exposures to formaldehyde, respirable dust, and organic cleaning solvent vapors were all below the applicable American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists Threshold Limit Values and Occupational Safety and Health Administration Permissible Exposure Limits. Formaldehyde exposures ranged from 0.51 parts per million (ppm) down to less than 0.02ppm (undetectable). The potential existed for continuous low level exposure to formaldehyde at these facilities. The authors recommend periodic personal monitoring for formaldehyde with a reliable method to determine time weighted average exposures and peak variations. Local exhaust ventilation hoods should be installed over fused lining machines. The heating, ventilation and air conditioning system should not be set up on a fully recirculated system. Local exhaust ventilation should be installed and utilized during the spot cleaning operation and when cleaning stamping devices with organic cleaning solvents. Noise exposure in these facilities should be lessened and a hearing conservation program initiated.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; IWS-125-26; Region-3; Region-4; Textiles-industry; Garment-workers; Air-contamination; Dust-exposure; Industrial-ventilation; Noise-levels; Exposure-limits
Industry Wide; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health