Field design and solutions to office worker illness: an industrial hygiene perspective.
Human aspects in office automation, Elsevier series in office automation, no. 1. Cohen BGF, ed. New York: Elsevier Science Publishers, 1984 May; :23-31
An overview of indoor air quality Health Hazard Evaluations conducted by NIOSH is presented. Forty two of the 80 indoor air quality evaluations in offices conducted in the past 10 years were reviewed. The types of buildings investigated included federal, state and private office buildings, and schools. The three major sources of indoor air contamination were external sources from combustible engine exhaust and smokestack emissions, reentrainment of building contaminants exhausted on the roof and recaptured by intake air systems, and internal sources, such as photocopying machines, furniture, building materials and cigarette smoke. The most common complaint in the NIOSH evaluations was poor office ventilation. In the majority of cases of poor ventilation, recirculated room air was usually sufficient but fresh air intake was found to be deficient. An example of an indoor air quality investigation conducted by NIOSH at three Department of Justice sites where noxious odors in offices had been associated with employee illnesses and the findings and recommendations of NIOSH were discussed. The industrial hygiene and medical team approach toward solving the indoor air quality problem at the Department of Justice is outlined. Basically, the procedure consists of identifying the source and route of contamination, evaluating the indoor air quality and ventilation, surveying employee symptoms, and making timely reports of findings and recommendations to employees and management.
Office-workers; Air-quality; Workplace-studies; Air-contamination; Office-equipment; Industrial-hygiene; Clinical-symptoms; Industrial-emissions
Human aspects in office automation, Elsevier series in office automation, no. 1