Training and work practices as the keys to an effective safety program were discussed using the Union Carbide Corporation, South Charleston, West Virginia, as the model. Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) policy included a commitment to providing necessary technical and financial resources, expectation of supervisor and employee commitment to safe work practices, and expectation of cooperation with governmental regulatory bodies. Personnel training was structured as a systematic program involving daily assignments with specific hands on training and assigned tasks and frequent progress testing. The program basis included job analysis, training development, identification of competence requirements, performance orientation, and objective progress evaluation. Training programs for chemical operators within UCC's chemical and plastics division were assessed for common characteristics. Each program had two basic parts. Part one was general training including instruction generally applicable throughout the facility such as safety rules and familiarization with equipment and operation. Part two was on/site job instruction including specific departmental safety rules. The training program at the West Virginia facility was used as the example. Part one encompassed 2 days, and part two was a 1 week classroom course that covered 17 safety related subjects. Included in part two were layout, operations improvement, safety rules, protective equipment, emergency procedures, first minute first aid, safe lifting, and principles of accident control. The 1 week course was followed by a 3 week classroom program that was more work related and specific to job operations. New chemical operators were then placed on probation for 120 days, receiving training in specialized operations and equipment and completing reactive chemicals training. The author concludes that the most effective safety control device for the chemicals and plastics industry is a well trained and motivated work force.
Symposium Proceedings. Control Technology in the Plastics and Resins Industry, Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-107