NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Methyl isocyanate liquid and vapor permeation through selected respirator diaphragms and chemical protective clothing.

Authors
Berardinelli SP; Moyer ES
Source
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1987 Apr; 48(4):324-329
NIOSHTIC No.
00169018
Abstract
Tests were conducted to determine the ability to withstand permeation by liquid methyl-isocyanate (624839) of 22 chemical protective clothing materials and in regulator diaphragms from four different closed circuit, positive pressure self contained breathing apparatuses. The chemical protective clothing materials that exhibited the longest methyl-isocyanate breakthrough times were an MSA aluminum laminate and a Chem Fab Teflon Nomex laminate. The aluminum laminate, however, cracked when flexed. Breakthrough times for most flexed materials were very much shorter than for unflexed materials. Flexing did not affect breakthrough time of one specimen of Teflon Nomex laminate. While no garment material was deemed capable of affording workers adequate protection for at least 1 hour, the Chem Fab laminate was considered the least permeable by liquid methyl-isocyanate. Results of the tests of liquid methyl- isocyanate permeability upon respirator diaphragms indicated that penetration at high concentrations would occur within 2 minutes of direct contact with the material. The authors recommend that total encapsulating suits with the respirator on the inside should be worn by personnel who may come into contact with methyl-isocyanate in either vapor or liquid form during emergency response operations.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Protective-clothing; Chemical-industry-workers; Respirators; Body-protection; Respiratory-protection; Personal-protective-equipment
CODEN
AIHAAP
CAS No.
624-83-9
Publication Date
19870401
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1987
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0002-8894
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
State
WV
Page last reviewed: June 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division