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Behavioral aspects of injuries. "Accidents" and traumatic neurosis.
Occupational health and safety symposia. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-136, 1976 Feb; :155-162
Frequently the victim of a sudden and frightening accident suffers from traumatic neurosis even several years after the accident and after any strictly medical results of the accident have been resolved. Several examples of cases where such traumatic neuroses did develop were described. Symptoms of the condition included anxiety, muscular tension, irritability, impaired concentration and memory, repetitive nightmares, sexual inhibition, and social withdrawal. In many cases the physical damage to the body was minimal or nonexistent. It may be difficult for some to accept the seemingly disproportionate reaction of the patient to getting on with life. Traumatic neurosis may have resulted from the activation of the psychological fight or flight reaction, which is blocked by physical constraints or other circumstances. Specific types of reaction which may be seen in individuals suffering this type of neurosis included hysteria, psychophysiological reactions, and dependency reactions. The authors suggest that proper psychiatric treatment is essential, and is most effective the sooner it is begun.
Accidents; Physiological-response; Physiological-stress; Behavior; Psychological-responses; Mental-disorders; Occupational-accidents
Occupational health and safety symposia
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division