Potential trauma in the work place. Sources of occupational injury occurrences.
Occupational health and safety symposia. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-136, 1976 Feb; :65-67
Sources of occupational injuries were discussed, including the type of industry, the type of work, interactions with tools or equipment, and the interaction of multiple factors. Incidence and severity of occupational injuries resulting in loss of job time by the worker varied widely depending on the industry. Even within a given industry, the type of work and therefore the type of danger varied between individuals. The five major components of occupational accidents were generally considered to be interactions between the following: one person and another person; human beings and the environment; the activity or task and the worker; the machine or tool being used and the workers; the materials being used and the worker. Usually accidents are complex events and to fix one specific cause is not often feasible or even realistic. The need to gather information concerning the environment at the time of the accident, the machine or tool being used, or other pertinent facts was considered. The author suggests that the physician, while treating the injured worker, is in the prime spot to assist in preventing future similar injuries. Conversation with the patient at the time can greatly improve record gathering and keeping. If there seems to be a higher than expected occurrence of injury from the same task, this information can be used to make a more careful study of that task in the future.
NIOSH-Author; Accident-analysis; Accident-statistics; Work-analysis; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Health-hazards; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors
Occupational health and safety symposia