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General and business aviation.
NIOSH 1977 Jul; :120-125
Health and safety aspects of general and business aviation were discussed. General and business aviation include the operation of airline type aircraft for private corporations, test pilot programs, crop dusting services, air ambulance services, advertising services, flight instruction programs, fish spotters, power line and pipe line patrol services, air shows, and blimp operators. Hazards to which users of the general aviation aircraft services are subjected include a lower level of reliability of aircraft, the possibility of rapid cabin decompression, the lack of any emergency briefing from the crew, the absence of a hostess on board to assist in an emergency, hazards from noise, and lack of sanitary facilities on most flights. Occupational hazards arising from other types of general aviation work include crashes, particularly in the area of agricultural flying. In addition to insect control, these aircraft are used for vegetation control of all types, mosquito control, seeding, fertilization and insect control with respect to animal husbandry. The planes are very expensive and provide maximum protection in the event of a crash. A more serious problem for the pilot is the toxic properties of the chemicals being carried in the plane. Not only must the pilot be aware of the danger, the ground crew must be careful in loading the plane and adequate precautions must be taken ahead of time for the event of a crash. This includes notifying local medical facilities of the potential danger and seeing that appropriate drugs for treatment of any exposures are on hand.
Pilots; Agricultural-chemicals; Crop-spraying; Airport-personnel; Noise-sources; Agricultural-workers
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-179
Occupational Safety and Health Symposia 1976, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-179
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division