The General Services Administration's approach to energy conservation in lighting.
The occupational safety and health effects associated with reduced levels of illumination, proceedings of a symposium, July 11-12, 1974, Cincinnati, Ohio. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-142, 1975 Mar; :7-11
The contribution of the General Services Administration (GSA) to the national effort of energy conservation in lighting was reviewed briefly, with emphasis on the positive actions taken to reduce energy utilization in Federal buildings. The lighting guidelines prevailing prior to the energy crisis provided for the use of 75 footcandles for office work involving difficult seeing tasks and 30 footcandles for intermittent seeing tasks. In January 1973, in view of the critical energy situation, the GSA in cooperation with the Federal Energy Administration, established guidelines providing for the use of 50 footcandles at working stations, 30 footcandles in general office areas, 10 footcandles in nonworking areas, and a minimum of 1 footcandle in shadowed areas. The need for more information on the impact of the low levels of lighting at the work place, the lighting levels required by normal and impaired individuals, and the role of the color or contrast on health and safety were emphasized. The author concludes that future lighting design will have to take into consideration energy conservation factors by providing light as needed, rather than providing space lighting at levels compatible with the most difficult tasks and for the most poorly sighted workers.
Lighting-systems; Illumination; Standards; Safety-measures; Accident-prevention; Health-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs
The occupational safety and health effects associated with reduced levels of illumination, proceedings of a symposium, July 11-12, 1974, Cincinnati, Ohio