The Federal Energy Administration's lighting energy conservation program.
The occupational safety and health effects associated with reduced levels of illumination, proceedings of a symposium, July 11-12, 1974, Cincinnati, Ohio. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-142, 1975 Mar; :3-6
The Federal Energy Administration (FEA) energy conservation program was outlined briefly, with emphasis on research and development in building energy conservation and opportunities for energy savings. Current estimates of lighting in terms of percent of the total national energy consumption were established at 5 percent, five times more than the estimates made a few years previously. The new figure was still considered to underestimate the actual consumption because it took into account only the amount of electricity which was used in the lamps. The energy used to remove the heat generated by lighting with air conditioning, especially in large commercial buildings, was not included in this estimate. Instances have been reported of large buildings which had to be cooled around the clock, even in the winter, because of internal loads, especially lighting. Comprehensive studies in this particular field revealed that the application of saving measures would save 800,000 barrels of oil per day. Following the 1973 oil embargo, the FEA compiled lighting guidelines expressed in lumens per square foot for application in Government buildings. These guidelines provide for 50 footcandles at the working area, 30 footcandles in general office areas and 10 footcandles in areas which are seldom occupied.
Lighting-systems; Illumination; Standards; Safety-measures; Accident-prevention; Fluorescent-lighting; Human-factors-engineering
The occupational safety and health effects associated with reduced levels of illumination, proceedings of a symposium, July 11-12, 1974, Cincinnati, Ohio