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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-306-1753, Timken, Inc., Canton, Ohio.

Lee SA; Singal M
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-306-1753, 1986 Dec; :1-15
In response to a request from workers at the Timken Corporation (SIC- 3562), Canton, Ohio, an investigation was made of respiratory irritation, skin rashes, and headaches in machinists working in the roller bearing grinding area. Workers suspected the grinding fluid additive, Gulf-Agent-1688 as the cause. Grinding work involved 126 workers in two departments. Breathing zone and area air samples were collected in filters and analyzed by NIOSH Method P and CAM 283, bulk fluid samples were analyzed chromatographically, and colorimetry was used on air near a machine and in the Gulf-Agent- 1688 drum. Medical survey was made of grinding workers and workers in the adjacent inspection department. Total airborne particulate exposures were 1.6 to 2.6mg/m3 in grinding and 0.3mg/m3 in inspection, both below the OSHA limit of 5mg/m3 for mineral oil mist. Soluble-Oil-B (64742525) (64741964) and Gulf-Agent-1688 could not be successfully analyzed. No nitrosamines or ethylene-oxide (75218) were detected. Reported headaches and respiratory, eye, and other symptoms were not significantly different between 102 grinding workers and 52 inspection workers. The authors conclude that exposure to the machine oil mist is not the cause of reported symptoms, although work conditions have changed since Gulf-Agent- 1688 was introduced. Recommendations include substitution of the fluid, use of respirators and protective clothing or creams, personal cleanliness, and isolation of machines.
NIOSH-Author; HETA-85-306-1753; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Machine-operators; Cutting-oils; Occupational-exposure; Airborne-particles; Clinical-symptoms; Medical-surveys; Author Keywords: Ball and Roller Bearings; Grinding Fluid; Culling Oil; Oil Mist; Alcohol Ethoxylates; Nitrosamines; Upper Respiratory Irritation; Gulf Agent 1688; Gulf Cut Soluble Oil B; Chevron Soluble Oil
64742-52-5; 64741-96-4; 75-21-8
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Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division