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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-86-477-1755, Cumberland County Homemaker Home Health Aid Service, Bridgeton, New Jersey.
Mehta M; Liveright T
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 86-477-1755, 1986 Dec; :1-8
Following a request from the manager of the Cumberland County Home Health Aid Service (SIC-8059), Bridgeton, New Jersey, the facility was investigated for hazards related to previous incineration of plastic hospital syringes. Nine workers had been exposed for about 3 weeks before termination of incineration, and the request was based on continuing respiratory and eye symptoms in four of eight workers initially affected. The syringes were composed of polypropylene and butyl rubber, and investigations were aimed at determining symptoms related to exposure to the pyrolysis products carbon-monoxide (630080), formaldehyde (50000), acrolein (107028), and crotonaldehyde (4170303); other possible factors (dust, ventilation); and wipe samples. Observations revealed probable recirculation of pyrolysis products into office areas, as well as a significant dust burden. Initial symptoms reported involved respiratory and mucous membrane irritation. Continuing symptoms included throat irritation, eye irritation, and rhinitis. The authors conclude that, in spite of negative wipe tests, the workers have probably had continued exposure due to the adherence of irritants onto dust particles. Recommendations include removal of all unnecessary mobile objects and cleaning of remaining objects with a HEPA filtering vacuum, complete cleaning of the entire building with mild detergent, and removal of all materials stored there by the hospital, since their presence would be a continued source of production and dissemination of dust.
NIOSH-Author; HETA-86-477-1755; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-2; Hazard-Confirmed; Office-workers; Toxic-vapors; Dust-exposure; Plastics; Pyrolysis-products; Clinical-symptoms; Author Keywords: polypropylene; carbon monoxide; respiratory complaints; mucous membrane complaints
630-08-0; 50-00-0; 107-02-8; 4170-30-3
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division