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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-046-1763, American Crystal Sugar Company, East Grand Forks, Minnesota.

Authors
Boiano-JM; Almaguer-D
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-046-1763, 1986 Dec; :1-38
NIOSHTIC No.
00167875
Abstract
Following a request from the American Federation of Grain Millers International Union and management of the American Crystal Sugar Company (ACSCO), employee exposures to airborne contaminants during beet processing and welding fumes during facility maintenance were determined at a sugar beet mill (SIC-2063) owned by ACSCO. Beet processing involved 680 workers, and welding exposed a potential ten to 15 workers to metal fumes. Personal and general air samples were analyzed for chemicals and total and respirable dusts, and total welding fumes and metals were analyzed from personal samples. Analytical methods included chromatography, spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and gravimetry. Exposures in excess of the most stringent criteria were found for calcium-oxide (1305788) and calcium-carbonate (471341) in lime kiln workers, sugar dust in sugar bin workers, insoluble hexavalent chromium (18540299) and nickel (7440020) during welding, total welding fumes in one case, and nickel during a metal coating spray process. Quartz (14808607) was found in several settled dust samples and high volume air samples. Nickel and chromium exposures presented potential cancer risks. The authors conclude that workers were overexposed to calcium-oxide, calcium-carbonate, sugar dust, total welding fumes, hexavalent chromium and nickel at this facility. Recommendations include particulate containment, ventilation, and respiratory protection where appropriate.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HETA-85-046-1763; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Hazards-Confirmed; Sugar-industry; Sugar-beets; Particulate-dust; Carcinogens; Welders; Metallic-fumes; Exposure-levels; Air-sampling; Author Keywords: Beet Sugar; calcium carbonate; calcium oxide; sugar dust; welding fumes; hexavalent chromium; nickel; iron oxide; silica; pulp dust; BCME
CAS No.
1305-78-8; 471-34-1; 18540-29-9; 7440-02-0; 14808-60-7
Publication Date
19861201
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-189460
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HETA-85-046-1763
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2063
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MN; OH
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