Occupational Diseases, A Guide to Their Recognition, Revised Edition. Key MM, Henschel AF, Butler J, Ligs RN, Tabershaw IR, eds., Cincinnati, OH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1977 Jun; :467-496
Physical hazards of radiation are discussed. Radiation is considered as energy which is emitted, transmitted, or absorbed in wave or energetic particle form. Specific types of radiation discussed from an occupational hazard point of view include ionizing radiation (alpha particles, beta particles, protons, gamma rays and x-rays, and neutrons), ultraviolet radiation, visible radiation, infrared radiation, microwave and radiofrequency radiation, and laser exposure. Data is tabulated concerning the characteristics and sources of electromagnetic radiation, the classification of abnormal reactions to light in man, and common laser devices and applications. Potential occupational exposures to ionizing radiation include aircraft workers, atomic energy plant workers, biologists, cathode ray tube makers, ceramic workers, chemists, dental workers, dermatologists, drug industry workers, electron microscope makers, embalmers, fire alarm makers, food processing workers, gas mantle makers, individuals working with high voltage equipment, radiographers, luminous dial painters, machinists, military personnel, health care workers, petroleum refining workers, plasma torch operators, radiologists, and workers exposed to radium (7440144), uranium (7440611), or thorium (7440291). Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can occur to agricultural workers, construction workers, health care personnel, painters, lumberjacks, gardeners, maintenance workers, and welders. Exposure to visible radiation may occur in draftsmen, electrical workers, engravers, jewelers, and watchmakers.