Occupational Diseases, A Guide to Their Recognition, Revised Edition. Key MM, Henschel AF, Butler J, Ligs RN, Tabershaw IR, eds., Cincinnati, OH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1977 Jun; :131-439
Harmful health effects resulting from contact with various chemicals are described including both local and systemic effects. Local effects are limited to the skin and eyes and to the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract. The manifestations elicited by the absorption of the toxic agent into the body and its subsequent distribution to body organs and tissues are classified as systemic effects. For each agent the probable routes of entry, diagnostic tests, permissible exposure limits, potential occupational exposures, and symptoms are listed. Chemical agents discussed include acetylene (74862), cyclopropane (75194), cyclohexane (110827), cyclohexene (110838), methylcyclohexane (108872), 1,3- butadiene (106990), gasoline (8006619), n-heptane (142825), n-hexane (110543), kerosene (8008206), naphtha (8030306), natural gas, paraffin, turpentine (8006642), allyl-alcohol (107186), amyl-alcohol (71410), n-butyl-alcohol (71363), ethyl-alcohol (64175), ethylene- chlorohydrin (107073), methyl-alcohol (67561), propyl-alcohol (71238), ethylene-glycol (107211), bis(chloromethyl)ether (542881), chloromethyl-methyl-ether (107302), dichloroethyl-ether (111444), dioxane (123911), epichlorohydrin (106898), ethylene-oxide (75218), ethyl-ether (60297), acetates, ethyl-silicate (78104), formates, acetic-acid (64197), acetic-anhydride (108247), formic-acid (64186), oxalic-acid (144627), phthalic-anhydride (85449), aldehydes, ketones, aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons, aliphatic amines, cyanides, nitriles, aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons, aromatic amines, nitro compounds, halogens, and metallic compounds.