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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-254-1722, United Technologies Diesel Systems, Springfield, Massachusetts.
Kerndt PR; Rondinelli R; Burr G
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-254-1722, 1986 Aug; :1-25
Due to a request from Local 206 of the International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, an evaluation was made of effects of metal dusts which occur as a result of sharpening and repairing tools at United Technologies Diesel Systems (SIC-3541), Springfield, Massachusetts. Concentrations of cobalt (7440484) in personal air samples ranged from not detectable to 0.24mg/m3. Respirable dust levels ranged from 0.04 to 0.72mg/m3. A range of (7440337) was not detected in personal air samples. Nickel (7440020) was detected up to 5.0 micrograms/cubic meter. Only nonspecific complaints were registered on a questionnaire filled out by five workers. One worker was identified with mild to moderate restrictive lung disease. Three of four workers showed a reduction in forced expiratory volume; a 10 percent or more reduction was noted in two workers. One worker had an elevation of the left hemidiaphragm on x-ray. Cobalt concentration in the blood ranged from 3.8 to 5.0 micrograms per deciliter. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard exists from airborne exposure to cobalt. Recommendations by the authors include: modifications to the local exhaust ventilation system; employee training; improvement in general housekeeping; advising employees of health effects of exposure to metal dusts; yearly pulmonary function testing; baseline chest x-rays; maintaining medical records for at least 30 years; and discouraging smoking on the job.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-85-254-1722; Region-1; Hazard-Confirmed; Metal-workers; Metal-fumes; Metal-industry; Metal-industry-workers; Metal-finishing; Metal-carbides; Metallic-poisoning; Author Keywords: Machine Tools, Metal Cutting Types; tungsten carbide; metal dust; cobalt; respiratory effects; nickel; iron
7440-48-4; 7440-33-7; 7440-02-0
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division