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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-132-1703, Purex Industrial Division, Marion, Ohio.

Stephenson RL
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-132-1703, 1986 Jun; :1-23
Due to reports of employee symptoms of headaches, irritation of the nose, throat and respiratory tract, and muscular weakness, possible chemical exposures during the manufacturing and packaging of various institutional and janitorial maintenance chemicals and allied products at the Purex Industrial Division Facility (SIC-2842, SIC- 2841, SIC-2851, SIC-2869, SIC-2819), Marion, Ohio were evaluated. Long term personal breathing zone air samples revealed: acetone (67641), 104 milligrams/cubic meter (mg/m3) to 939 mg/m3; ammonia (7664417), not detectable to 68.8 mg/m3; ethanolamine (141435), 1.5 mg/m3; methylene-chloride (75092), 171 to 561 mg/m3; sodium- hydroxide (1310732), 0.4 to 1.3 mg/m3; and styrene (100425), 6.0 to 66.9 mg/m3. No detectable airborne concentrations of butyl- cellosolve (111762), formaldehyde (50000), or morpholine (110918) were found. The author concludes that during the survey, employees were overexposed to ammonia and methylene-chloride. Medical interviews indicate that some workers may be experiencing symptoms related to exposure to organic solvents and other materials. Improved engineering control of workplace contaminants is recommended. Audible and visual warning systems should indicate when tubs are overfilled or spillage occurs. Calcium-gluconate gel should be stored as an effective first aid measure for liquid hydrofluoric-acid splashes. Beards should be prohibited. Employees should be trained in the potential health problems.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; HETA-84-132-1703; Hazards-Confirmed; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Detergent-industry; Inorganic-chemicals; Organic-solvents; Author Keywords: Sanitation Preparations; Detergents; Paint Removers; Organic Solvents; Industrial Inorganic Chemicals; methylene chloride; ammonia; acetone; ethanolamine; sodium hydroxide; styrene
67-64-1; 7664-41-7; 141-43-5; 75-09-2; 1310-73-2; 100-42-5; 111-76-2; 50-00-0; 110-91-8
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
2842; 2841; 2851; 2869; 2819
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division