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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-86-173-1707, KP Industries, Delphos, Ohio.
Ruhe RL; Todd WF
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 86-173-1707, 1986 Jun; :1-13
KP Industries (SIC-3714), Delphos, Ohio requested an evaluation of worker exposure to carbon-monoxide (630080) (CO) fumes in the shipping and warehouse area, and to lead (7439921) in the can line area. The 8 hour time weighted average (TWA) CO levels ranged from 64 to 74 parts per million (ppm); the OSHA 8 hour TWA permissible exposure limit is 50ppm. The CO levels resulted from the use of six propane forklift trucks and an inadequate distribution of airflow. Airborne CO concentrations behind the forklifts were as high as 350ppm. After tuning the trucks, the CO level was significantly reduced. Airborne lead concentrations for four personal and three area samples were less than 2 micrograms/cubic meter. Five of six employees interviewed reported headache, and eye and throat irritation, attributed to fumes from the propane forklift trucks. The four employees on the tin and lead line reported no health problems related to the job. The authors conclude that overexposure to CO occurred in the shipping and warehouse area. A health hazard from exposure to lead did not exist at the time of the evaluation. Recommendations include modifying the ventilation system; increasing the air supply system to balance air flow in the building; direct supply air at points of heavy forklift use; install overhead air circulating fans; and use direct reading monitoring equipment to measure CO.
NIOSH-Author; HETA-86-173-1707; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Oxides; Automotive-exhausts; Warehousing; Eye-irritants; Author Keywords: Automotive Parts and Accessories; carbon monoxide; lead; ventilation
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division