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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-284-1701, Granite City Steel, Granite City, Illinois.
Almaguer D; Orris P
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-284-1701 (revised), 1986 Jun; :1-17
The International Chemical Workers Union requested an evaluation at Granite City Steel (SIC-3312), Granite City, Illinois regarding potential employee exposures to a tar like substance added to incoming coal. Bulk analysis of the material showed benzene/soluble coal tar pitch volatiles and naphthalene (91203), phenanthrene (85018), fluoranthene (206440), pyrene (129000), benz(a)anthracene (56553), chrysene (218019), benzo(e)pyrene (192972), benzo(a)pyrene (50328), and benz(g,h,i)perylene (191242). Personal air sampling showed that five of eight samples collected for benzene/solubles had concentrations of 88 to 141 micrograms/cubic meter (mg/m3). The total particulate fraction collected from coal dust in the basement of the pulverizer building contained 1.6 percent quartz (14808607). Respirable coal dust in personal samples ranged from 0.14 to 1.52 mg/m3. Of 15 employees working in the coke oven coal handling and by products areas, approximately two thirds experienced mucous membrane and skin irritation, headaches, shortness of breath, and nausea and about one half complained of cough and phlegm. No cases of skin or respiratory cancer were reported among these workers. The authors recommend that coal tar sludge waste product be disposed of according to EPA regulations. Engineering controls and personal protective equipment should be used to reduce exposure. Employees should be informed of potential hazards and enrolled in a coke plant medical monitoring program. This report was revised in May 1987. The revised report is available here: <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/reports/pdfs/84-284-1701.pdf"target="_blank">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/reports/pdfs/84-284-1701.pdf</a>
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Coke-oven-emissions; Coke-oven-workers; Coke-manufacturing; Polynuclear-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Respirable-dust; HETA-84-284-1701; Author Keywords: Coke Ovens; Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles; CTPVs; Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons; PNA; Respirable Coal Dust
91-20-3; 85-01-8; 206-44-0; 129-00-0; 56-55-3; 218-01-9; 192-97-2; 50-32-8; 191-24-2; 14808-60-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division