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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-030-1693, Fruehauf Corporation - Parts Plant, Delphos, Ohio.

Authors
Gorman R; Ehrenberg R
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-030-1693, 1986 Jun; :1-24
NIOSHTIC No.
00163539
Abstract
A request was received from union and management at the Fruehauf Corporations Parts Facility (SIC-3549) in Delphos, Ohio to evaluate possible exposures to total welding fume, metals, carbon-monoxide (630080), oxides of nitrogen, and ozone (10028156) during welding operations. Total welding fume concentrations in 32 personal breathing zone samples ranged from 1.5 to 23.4 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3). Nine area samples ranged from 0.4 to 3.7mg/m3. Three sample results exceeded OSHA standard of 15mg/m3. Iron (7439896) was the predominant metal found. Measurable quantities of aluminum (7429905), chromium (7440473), copper (7440508), magnesium (7439954), manganese (7439965), molybdenum (7439987), nickel (7440020), lead (7439921), tin (7440315), and vanadium (7440622) were found. Results of a questionnaire, given to 33 of the 92 welders, indicated a relatively high prevalence of reported symptoms of mucous membrane and respiratory tract irritation, including eye irritation, sinus/nasal congestion, headaches, throat irritation and cough. Cigarette smoking was high among the welders, but symptoms could not be totally related to that cause. The authors conclude that welding fumes and paint vapors were potential health hazards and caused short term health effects. The authors recommend that welding fume exposures should be controlled by local ventilation where feasible. The use of respirators for protection against welding fumes should not be viewed as a long term control measure.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HETA-85-030-1693; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Respiratory-irritants; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Nitrogen-oxides; Welding-industry; Welders; Metal-industry-workers; Metal-workers; Hazards-Confirmed; Author Keywords: Metalworking Machinery; Truck Trailers; Welding Fume; Metals; Carbon Monoxide; Painting; Oxides of Nitrogen; Ozone
CAS No.
630-08-0; 10028-15-6; 7439-89-6; 7429-90-5; 7440-47-3; 7440-50-8; 7439-95-4; 7439-96-5; 7439-98-7; 7440-02-0; 7439-92-1; 7440-31-5; 7440-62-2
Publication Date
19860601
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-107033
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-85-030-1693
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
SIC Code
3549; 3715
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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