Malignant melanoma in the printing industry.
Am J Ind Med 1986 Aug; 10(2):119-126
Cause specific mortality patterns by occupation and industry among Rhode Island adult residents (aged 16 and over) who died in 1968 - 1978 were analyzed using the proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) method. A significant excess of deaths from malignant melanoma was observed among 577 white males who had worked in the printing industry; 6 deaths were observed compared to 1.3 expected, with a PMR of 460. PMRs were calculated for all occupations in the printing trades. There were four deaths from malignant melanoma among 290 white male, with a PMR of 570. Three of the four decedents who worked in the printing trades either were lithographers or worked at companies where lithography was performed. No melanoma deaths in the printing industry or printing trades were reported among women or nonwhite males. The authors conclude that this study suggested an association between malignant melanoma and the printing industry, and in particular, work in lithography. Potential exposures to solvents and inks and also to ultraviolet radiation exist in the printing industry. The author advises further research on the relationship between malignant melanoma and work in the printing industry.
NIOSH-Author; Printers; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Skin-cancer; Skin-exposure; Epidemiology; Ultraviolet-radiation; Malignant-neoplasms;
Author Keywords: malignant melanoma; printing industry; printers; occupational mortality surveillance; proportionate mortality ratio; death certificates; surveillance; occupational cancer
Dr. Robert Dubrow, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Mail Stop R-18, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226
American Journal of Industrial Medicine