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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-379-495-1687, Metal Container Corporation, Columbus, Ohio.

Authors
Ruhe RL; Arnold SJ; Anastas M
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-379-495-1687, 1986 Apr; :1-24
NIOSHTIC No.
00163307
Abstract
Health hazard evaluations were undertaken at the Metal Container Corporation (SIC-3411), Columbus, Ohio in the Automatic Banding Area (HETA 84-379) and the Printer Oven Area (HETA 84-495), in response to employee complaints about smoke, fumes, and chemical exposure. Six air samples collected near the printer and drying ovens showed formaldehyde (50000) concentrations of 0.05 to 0.17 milligrams per cubic meter of air (mg/m3). The current OSHA standard for formaldehyde is 3.7 mg/m3. Ovens are the major potential source of volatile organic compound emissions. Two were leaking smoke during the study. Printer/oven employees reported mucous membrane symptoms as the most prevalent symptom. Prevalence of all symptoms was highest among operators and lowest among maintainers, with the exception of skin problems, which were highest among adjusters. Automatic bander employees also reported a higher prevalence of symptoms of mucous membrane irritation, as well as noting the emissions from the ovens. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard from formaldehyde and volatile organic compound exposure existed. The authors recommend the installation of portable hoods, additional ovens, and a canopy hood at the DESPATCH ovens; periodic monitoring of air flow in the stack; and use of smoke tubes to determine whether the oven is under negative pressure.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Volatiles; Organic-compounds; Smoke-control; Mucous-membranes; Skin-irritants; Odor-control; Ventilation-systems; Containers; Author Keywords: Metal Cans; Formaldehyde; Smoke; Fumes; Chemicals; Ventilation
CAS No.
50-00-0
Publication Date
19860401
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
PB86-237138
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-84-379-495-1687
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3411
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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