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Mortality Among Workers Exposed to Cutting Fluids and Abrasives: Bearing Plant II, NIOSH Contract No. 210-81-5104.
Silverstein-M; Park-R; Maizlish-N; Mirer-F
International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW) 1985 Nov:86 pages
Cause of death and job histories were obtained for 1,766 of 2,027 hourly workers with at least 5 year's exposure to cutting fluids and abrasives in the manufacture of ball bearings. Statistically significant excesses of stomach cancer existed among white men with experience in grinding with cutting fluids and pancreatic cancer among white men with grinding or machining experience. Stomach cancer excess increased with duration of grinding with statistically significant proportional mortality ratios from 3.4 to 4.2 among those with over 10 years' experience. No association was found between stomach cancer and production machining. Excess proportional mortality was noted from liver cirrhosis, statistically significant among white men in grinding with both oil and water based cutting fluids and among skilled trades machinists. Statistically significant associations were found between lung cancer in white men and work in forging, heat treating and related jobs; lymphopoietic cancer in tool and die workers; and stomach cancer among descendents of French Canadian origin. This confirms earlier findings of digestive cancers and a particular association of stomach cancer with grinding work in water based cutting fluids. Potential carcinogenic agents present include nitrosamines, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, abrasive dusts, and chlorinated oils.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-81-5104; Carcinogenesis; Stomach-disorders; Liver-damage; Cutting-oils; Lymphatic-system-disorders; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Abrasives; Nitroso-compounds;
NTIS Accession No.
International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW)
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division