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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-025-1668, Operative Plasterers' and Cement Masons' International Association, Washington, D.C.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-025-1668, 1986 Feb; :1-18
Following a request by the Operative Plasterers' and Cement Masons' International Association, a proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) study of union members was conducted. Death certificates were used to classify cause of death; usual occupation was determined from union records. White United States males were the comparison group. Statistically significant PMRs for all deaths included a deficit of diseases of the circulatory system, PMR-0.90, and of the nervous system, PMR-0.78, and an excess of death from all cancers, PMR-1.36. Cancers in significant excess included cancer of the digestive organs, particularly the stomach; respiratory system; brain and nervous system; and other and unspecified sites. Respiratory system cancers were primarily located in the lung, as well as trachea and bronchus. A proportionate cancer mortality study continued to indicate a significant excess for cancer of the respiratory system, PMR-1.17. When examined by occupation, only cancer of the trachea, bronchus, and lung was significantly associated with occupation, that of plasterer. Six cases of cancer of the pleura, and two of the peritoneum were identified. The authors conclude that asbestos (1332214) exposure may have contributed to the excess respiratory cancer mortality among plasterers. Current asbestos exposure would occur only in rehabilitation work and appropriate precautions should be taken.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HETA-81-025-1668; Region-3; Hazard-Confirmed; Epidemiology; Respiratory-neoplasms; Lung-cancer; Bronchial-cancer; Construction-workers; Carcinogens; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Lung Cancer; Asbestos; Proportionate Mortality Ratio; PMR; Proportionate Cancer Mortality Ratio; PCMR
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division