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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-85-408-1666, Doctors Hiatt, Metcalfe, and Schaad, Denver, Colorado.

Authors
Gunter-BJ
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 85-408-1666, 1986 Feb; :1-9
NIOSHTIC No.
00163116
Abstract
Nitrous-oxide (10024972) concentrations in office air were measured directly in September of 1985, and a follow up environmental survey was made in January, 1986 at the Hiatt, Metcalfe, and Schaad dental clinic (SIC-8021), Denver, Colorado. The office manager of the clinic had requested an evaluation of nitrous-oxide exposures during dental procedures. General area samples were taken on the nitrous- oxide administering equipment throughout the dental operatory, in the secretarial work area, and in the breathing zone of the two dental hygienists. Concentrations ranging from 100 to greater than 1000 parts per million (ppm) were found. The average nitrous-oxide concentration was approximately 500 to 600ppm in the breathing zone of the hygienists during the cleaning procedure. Hygienists used 3.5 to 4.5 liters of nitrous-oxide per minute. Nitrous-oxide concentrations in the secretarial areas were 350 to 400ppm while the hygienists were using the gas. NIOSH recommended a 25ppm environmental limit for nitrous-oxide. The author concludes that a health hazard exists from overexposures to nitrous-oxide. A nitrous- oxide scavenging system, lower flow rates, and a better dilution ventilation system are recommended to lower these exposure concentrations.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Confirmed; HETA-85-408-1666; Region-8; Nitrogen-oxides; Anesthesia; Dentistry; Air-contamination; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Office of Dentist; Nitrous Oxide; Dental Operatories; Waste Anesthetic Gas
CAS No.
10024-97-2
Publication Date
19860201
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
PB86-221637
NTIS Price
A02
Identifying No.
HETA-85-408-1666
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
8021
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
CO; OH
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