Industrial hygiene walk-through survey report of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Houston Chemical Plant, Houston, Texas.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IWS 147-34, 1986 Apr; :1-22
A walk through survey was conducted at Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company (SIC-2822), Houston, Texas in November, 1985. The purpose of the survey was to obtain information on production processes for styrene (100425) butadiene (106990) rubber (SBR), styrene/butadiene latex (SBL) and acrylonitrile (107131) butadiene rubber (ABR), and to evaluate the potential for 1,3-butadiene exposure. Bulk samples of SBR, SBL, and ABR were analyzed for residual 1,3-butadiene. The products were manufactured by an emulsion process. Pumps in the facility were equipped with single mechanical seals. The acrylonitrile compressor was under negative pressure and used activated carbon filters. The quality control laboratory had a local exhaust hooding system. Quality control sampling was conducted using open/loop bombs. All bulk samples except a SBR sample at 180 degrees-C contained no detectable 1,3-butadiene. Company air monitoring data for 1975 to 1980 and 1982 to 1985 showed mean time weighted average 1,3-butadiene exposures of 4.0 and 5.9 parts per million (ppm), respectively. Tank farm operators, recovery operators, and reactor operators experienced exposures greater than 10ppm. The authors conclude that the facility is suitable for an in depth survey. Recommendations include performing preventive maintenance on pumps in the recovery area and installing closed loop quality control sampling systems.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Rubber-manufacturing-industry; Monitoring-systems; Sampling-methods; Exposure-levels; Region-6; Trace-analysis; Analytical-methods; Safety-research
100-42-5; 106-99-0; 107-13-1
Field Studies; Industry Wide
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health