The Best Means Of Artificial Respiration For Commercial Divers.
NIOSH 1979 Jul:5 pages
The best means of applying artificial respiration for emergency situations involving commercial divers are considered. Results of a meeting of representatives of naval and emergency medicine community, labor, government, the diving industry, academia, and the Undersea Medical Society are summarized. A discussion has been in progress for several years about the most effective method of artificial respiration. The issue is complicated by the environmental situation (the patient being in the water, on the beach, or on a diving rig) and the degree of expertise of the administrator. Mechanical pressure respirators are too dangerous to use, especially if lung damage is present. All hyperbaric physicians and emergency medical technicians should be trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Airway management for treating diving casualties in remote locations is discussed. Options for additional equipment to be used by paramedics or emergency medical technicians include the nasopharyngeal airway, the oropharyngeal airway, and the esophageal airway devices. The oropharyngeal airway device seems to be the most appropriate. It is recommended that the oropharyngeal airway device be included in all emergency kits used in managing diving casualties.
NIOSH-Contract; Accident-analysis; Pulmonary-congestion; Environmental-factors; Pulmonary-system; Occupational-hazards; Medical-personnel; Accident-prevention;
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Disease and Injury; Pulmonary-system;
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, Undersea Medical Society, Inc., Bethesda, Maryland, 5 pages