Diving Problems Considered In Relation To The Male And The Female.
NIOSH 1980 Apr:12 pages
The relationship of the sex of divers to diving problems is discussed. The influence of sex on the susceptibility to decompression sickness is considered. It is noted that statistically significant differences in the development of decompression sickness between male and female divers have not been observed. Hormonal effects in diving are reviewed. Female Navy divers are not allowed to take contraceptive pills because it is thought that women on the pill are more susceptible to decompression sickness. There appears to be little experimental data on the effects of diving on reproductive processes or hormonal changes in males; however, a study of reproduction conducted in male rats found changes in fertility that were related to the depth of exposure. Research needs are summarized. These include studies of the influence of sex on carbon-dioxide retention, the ability to use equipment, susceptibility to decompression sickness, dysbaric osteonecrosis, fertility, nitrogen narcosis, thermal balance, metabolic aspects of drug use, convulsive oxygen effects, hormones, direct effects of pressure, and immersion effects.
Physiology; Hormone-activity; Biological-effects; Respiration; Physiological-measurements; Occupational-exposure; Pulmonary-function; Inhalants; Analytical-methods; Respiratory-protection;
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, Undersea Medical Society, Inc., Bethesda, Maryland, 12 pages